PROSTATE CANCER The FDA have granted accelerated approval to the PARP inhibitor rucaparib for BRCA-mutated (germline or somatic) metastatic castrate-resistant disease.



On May 15, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval to rucaparib (RUBRACA, Clovis Oncology, Inc.) for patients with deleterious BRCA mutation (germline and/or somatic)-associated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who have been treated with androgen receptor-directed therapy and a taxane-based chemotherapy.

Efficacy was investigated in TRITON2 (NCT02952534), an ongoing, multi-center, single arm clinical trial in 115 patients with BRCA-mutated (germline and/or somatic) mCRPC who had been treated with androgen receptor-directed therapy and taxane-based chemotherapy.

Patients received rucaparib 600 mg orally twice daily and concomitant GnRH analog or had prior bilateral orchiectomy.

Objective response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DOR) were assessed in 62 patients with measurable disease. The confirmed ORR was 44% (95% CI: 31, 57). Median DOR was not evaluable (NE; 95% CI: 6.4, NE). The range for the DOR was 1.7-24+ months. Fifteen of the 27 (56%) patients with confirmed objective responses had a DOR of ≥6 months.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) among all 115 patients with BRCA-mutated mCRPC were fatigue, nausea, anemia, increased ALT/AST, decreased appetite, rash, constipation, thrombocytopenia, vomiting, and diarrhea.

The recommended rucaparib dose is 600 mg orally twice daily with or without food. Patients receiving rucaparib for mCRPC should also receive a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog concurrently or should have had bilateral orchiectomy.

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